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NY State Legislation Banning the Sale of Dogs Bred in Puppy Mills now Waiting for Governor's Signature, Help Ensure this Important Legislation is Finalized!

June 3, 2022 - ALMOST A VICTORY! Assembly Bill A.4283 passed on 06/03/2022. This means both the NY State Senate and Assembly have voted in favor of banning the sale of dogs bred in puppy mills in NY State pet stores. The final step is for NY State Governor Kathy Hochul to sign the Bill into law. The bill will go into effect one year after being signed.

LCA is encouraging supporters who live in NY State to contact Governor Hochul to ensure this historic legislation is signed into law! 

May 25, 2021 - Assembly Bill A.4283  passed a vote on 05/25/2021 by the New York Assembly Codes Committee and was referred to the NY Assembly's Rules Committee. On 05/23/2022 Bill A.4283 was returned to the Assembly.

May 7, 2021 - New York State is one step closer to enacting a retail ban to stop the sale of dogs bred in puppy mills, as Bill S.1130 passed a Senate vote earlier this week. Now, the companion Assembly bill needs to pass a vote by the the Assembly. 

Assemblymember Linda B. Rosenthal (District 67) introduced a puppy mill retail ban in the 2019-2020 Legislative Session, which was reintroduced in the 2021-2022 legislative session. Bills A.4283/S.1130 would ban the sale of dogs, cats, and rabbits from breeders in pet stores and authorize spaces for rescue groups to adopt rescued animals. Senator Michael Gianaris (District 12) introduced the Senate Bill.

The majority of dogs sold in New York State pet stores are sourced from puppy mills in Iowa and Missouri. Many animals sold in these stores are sourced from “USDA Licensed Breeders”, which are often puppy mills and kitten factories. There is little to no oversight on these breeding facilities, and many are in severe violation of the Animal Welfare Act.

Like other animals raised on factory farms, dogs in puppy mills and cats in kitten factories suffer severe physical and psychological stress and cannot exhibit natural behavior. Living conditions are deplorable and filthy; in most cases, sick animals are denied proper veterinary care. When dogs are no longer able to breed or get sick, they are often killed. Common killing methods for dogs in puppy mills include a gunshot to the head.


#1) Call, email and/or write NY State Governor, Kathy Hochul, to sign the legislation into law. Click here to contact Governor Hochul.

#2) Don't live in New York State?  Share this information with friends, family and coworkers who do.

  Reminder: Keep communication respectful.  Sample below. Calling is most effective! 

Sample correspondence to Governor Hochul:

Dear Governor Hochul,

As a New York State resident, I am writing (calling, emailing) to urge you to sign the "puppy mill pipeline" bill (A.4283/S.1130) into law. This historic legislation would ban the sale of dogs, cats, and rabbits in pet stores and authorize spaces for rescue groups to adopt rescued animals. This legislation would also save the lives of countless animals who are euthanized in shelters each year.

The majority of dogs sold in New York State pet stores have been historically sourced from puppy mills. The states of Missouri and Iowa are the leading suppliers of dogs to New York State pet stores. Dogs in puppy mills spend their entire lives in cramped, filthy cages. When they are no longer able to breed or get sick, they are killed - often with a gunshot wound to the head.

I implore you to do the right thing and sign the puppy mill pipeline bill into law.


(Your Name & Address) 


Maryland, 2018 - House Bill 1662 Signed into Law - Help Remove a Puppy Mill Loophole

In April 2018, the Governor of Maryland signed House Bill 1662 into law, which went into effect on January 1, 2020. HB 1662 requires pet stores to only sell dogs and cats from non-profit animal rescue groups, animal shelters, and licensed breeders who have not been fined under the Animal Welfare Act. While HB 1662 is a step in the right direction, LCA does not condone sourcing any animal from a licensed breeder, which could essentially be a puppy mill or kitten factory. LCA urges Maryland residents to contact their Maryland General Assembly Representative and request the loophole of allowing the sourcing of any animal from a licensed breeder be removed from HB 1662.

How you can help! Take action now!

#1) Call, email and/or write your State Assembly Member, and ask pet stores not allow animals to be sold who are sourced from any licensed breeder. Remember to positively reinforce that HB 1662 is a step in the right direction. Click here to find your Assembly Member

#2) Don't live in Maryland?  Share this information with friends, family and coworkers who do.

  Reminder: Keep communication respectful.  Sample below. Calling is most effective!

Sample correspondence for Bill 1662

Dear Assemblymember:

I am writing (calling, emailing) regarding Bill 1662, which requires pet stores to only sell dogs and cats from non-profit animal rescue groups, animal shelters, and licensed breeders who have not been fined under the Animal Welfare Act.

Bill 1662 is a step in the right direction and I applaud Maryland for enacting this law; however, I am requesting Bill 1662 be amended to disallow pet stores from selling animals from any licensed or unlicensed breeder, regardless if they have been fined under the Animal Welfare Act or not. Many USDA licensed breeding facilities still force animals to live in horrendous conditions. Numerous exposes by non-profits have revealed the nightmare conditions these animals are forced to live in on a daily basis. It does not make sense to support breeders when each day across America, shelter animals are euthanized because they cannot find homes. 

Please do the right thing and amend Bill 1662 to remove "licensed breeders." If we work together, we can make the world a better place for animals.


(Your Name & Address)


History of California Puppy Mill Legislation & LCA's Involvement


California, 2017 - MAJOR VICTORY! California Governor Brown Bans the Sale of Mill Animals in Pet Stores

On October 13, 2017, Governor Jerry Brown signed California A.B. 485: the Pet Rescue and Adoption Act into law, banning the retail sale of commercially bred dogs, cats, and rabbits in pet shops across the state. The law went into effect on January 1, 2019, and requires all California pet stores to only sell dogs, cats, and rabbits obtained from local pet shelters, humane societies, and rescues. California is the first state in the nation to pass such legislation, which aims to stop neglectful animal breeders from profiting off of the sale of dogs, cats, and rabbits in order to give California's homeless pets a greater chance of finding a home.


California, 2012 - Los Angeles has Banned the Sale of Commercially Bred Puppies

On Wednesday, October 31, 2012, Los Angeles City Council approved a city ordinance that bans the sale of mill animals in any pet store in Los Angeles. The ordinance includes dogs, cats, and rabbits and institutes a 3-year ban which if violated can incur a misdemeanor count and fines ranging from $250 to $1000, depending on how many times the offense has been committed. Any dogs, cats, or rabbits sold at a pet store must now be obtained from shelters or rescues.

This ban will help counter the growing number of shelter animals in Los Angeles. In 2011, approximately 500,000 animals were euthanized in Los Angeles County at taxpayer expense totaling an estimate of $50M. Thanks to the championing efforts of long-time animal advocate, LA City Councilmember Paul Koretz, Fifth District, the new law will become operative within 6 months.

Puppies raised in cramped environments with other dogs become poorly socialized to other dogs and to humans. Many breeding females are never let out of their crates for their entire lives to see the light of day. Hundreds of thousands of puppies live in wire-bottom cages and sustain broken limbs and infections.

The ban affects 24 pet stores in Los Angeles and smaller cities such as Irvine, Hermosa Beach, and West Hollywood have already adopted the ban. The Windy City has also pledged to follow suit.


California, 2011 - Los Angeles County Approves Anti-Puppy Mill Ordinance

March 15, 2011 -- The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors unanimously approved an ordinance spearheaded by Mayor Michael D. Antonovich to reduce animal cruelty associated with puppy mills.

“This ordinance will close puppy mills, which have historically abused animals by placing them in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions without adequate veterinary care, food and water,” said Antonovich.

Under the ordinance, which applies to the County’s unincorporated areas, breeders will be required to: wait until dogs are at least 12 months old before breeding themkeep puppies on premises until they are at least eight weeks oldseparate pregnant females at least three days before they give birthand provide nesting boxes for the moms and their pups

Also, all new pups will have to be micro-chipped at four months and pet stores will have to disclose the source of their animals.

The ordinance will be mailed out to all of the County’s 88 cities urging them to adopt a similar ordinance. To read the full text of the ordinance please visit


California, 2008 - LCA and L.A. County Supervisor Mike Antonovich Lead Puppy Mill Reform Campaign in Los Angeles County

Following LCA’s Special Investigations Unit (SIU) uncovering the desperate conditions for dogs at World Kennel, a breeding facility near Palmdale, CA that supplied several Los Angeles puppy “boutiques” LA County Supervisor Mike Antonovich invited LCA to spearhead a taskforce to solve the area’s previously unknown puppy mill problem.

LCA's SIU worked overtly and covertly to put together a report - “LA’s Dirty Little Secret - Puppy Mills".  Armed with the below undercover footage and LCA’s report, Supervisor Antonovich proposed a motion to the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisor’s to review ordinances and legislations to effectively ban puppy mills in the County.










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